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傣族、汉族群众抑郁状况比较研究及原因分析(PDF)

《云南中医学院学报》[ISSN:1000-2723/CN:53-1048/R]

期数:
2012年01期
页码:
20-22
栏目:
民族医药
出版日期:
2012-02-29

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Comparative Study on Depression between the Nationality Dai and Han and ITS Reason
作者:
马定松1秦竹1陈平2张奇3
1.云南中医学院,云南昆明650500;2.云南师范大学体育学院,云南昆明650000; 3.山西省太原市万柏林区和平社区卫生服务中心,山西太原030000
Author(s):
MA Ding-song1QIN Zu1CHEN Ping2ZHANG Qi3
1.Yunnan University of TCM,Kunming Yunnan 650500; 2.Yunnan Normal University,Kunming Yunnan 650092; 3.The Healty Service Center in Heping Community,Wan Baitin District,Taiyuan Shanxi 030025
关键词:
傣族汉族抑郁宗教信仰心理调适
Keywords:
Dai nationalityHan nationalitydepressionreligionpsychological adjustment rolepsychological
分类号:
3955
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
目的:比较傣族、汉族群众抑郁状况并对其差异原因进行分析。方法 采用抑郁自评量表( SDS)对192名汉族及179名傣族群众的抑郁状况进行比较研究。结果: ①傣族被试的抑郁得分明显低于汉族被试(t=434 P<005)。②在抑郁程度上,傣族无抑郁被试(6816%)明显多于汉族(3281%);傣族有轻度抑郁的被试(2235%)少于汉族(3229%);傣族有中度抑郁的被试(893%)少于汉族(3021%);傣族患严重抑郁症的被试(056%)少于汉族(469%)。③傣族信教者的抑郁得分非常显著的低于汉族不信教者(t=1347,P<000)。④傣族信教者的抑郁得分非常显著地低于傣族不信教者(t=1106 P<001)。结论:傣族群众抑郁水平及抑郁程度明显低于汉族群众,傣族信教者抑郁水平非常显著地低于傣族不信教者及汉族不信教者。究其原因,笔者认为宗教信仰对傣族群众具有一定的心理调适作用。
Abstract:
Objective: To compare the depression between the Nationality Dai and Han then Analysis its reason. Methods: Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) was adopted to survey192 Han people and 179 Dai people. Results: ①The scores of depression on Dai people was significantly lower than Han people(t=434 p<005). ② On depression degree , The scores of no depression status about Dai people(6816%)was significantly higher than Han people(3281%). On mild depression level, the scores of Dai people(2235%)was lower than Han people(3229%). On moderate depression level, the scores of Dai people(893%)was lower than Han people(30.21%).On Severe depression, the scores of Dai people(056%)was lower than Han people(469%). ③The depression scores of religious believers on Dai people was significantly lower than non-believers of Han people(t=1347,p<000). ④ The depression scores of religious believers on Dai people was significantly lower than non-believers of Dai people(t=1106 p<001).Conclusion: The level and degree of depression on Dai people was significantly lower Han people. The level depression on Dai religious believers was significantly lower than non-believers of Da1 and Han. The author Infer the reason was religious beliefs have a certain role in psychological adjustment to Dai people.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:云南中医学院院级科研项目 收稿日期:2011—11—09修回日期:2012—00—00 作者简介:马定松(1980~),女,云南大理人,讲师,主要从事心理学教学及科研工作。△通讯作者:秦竹,E-mail:dsma100@126com.
更新日期/Last Update: 2012-02-29