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|本期目录/Table of Contents|

11省成年消费者中药食用情况调查分析(PDF)

《云南中医学院学报》[ISSN:1000-2723/CN:53-1048/R]

期数:
2017年02期
页码:
71-75,93
栏目:
方药研究
出版日期:
2017-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Situation Investigation of Traditional Chinese Medicine Adult Consumers in 11 Provinces of China
作者:
王彝白纳1金红宇2张磊1
1. 国家食品安全风险评估中心,卫生部食品安全风险评估重点实验室,北京 100021;2. 中国食品药品检定研究院,北京 100050
Author(s):
WANG Yibaina1 JIN Hongyu2 ZHANG Lei1
1. China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Key Laboratory of Food Safety Risk Assessment, Ministry of Health, Beijing 100021, China; 2. National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing 100050, China
关键词:
中草药 中成药 消费 偏好 调查
Keywords:
Chinese herbal medicine proprietary Chinese medicine consume preferences investigation
分类号:
R288
DOI:
10.19288/j.cnki.issn.1000-2723.2017.02.017
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
目的〓调查我国11省成年中药消费人群的情况,了解居民食用中药的具体方式和用量。方法〓采用多阶段分层抽样,利用问卷调查的方法对全国11个省市中药消费人群过去6个月中药食用状况进行调查。结果〓共收集到11省中药消费者4 446名,有2 120人(47.68%)仅食用过中草药,有1 509人(33.94%)仅食用过中成药,还有817人(18.38%)同时食用了中草药和中成药。中草药最常见的服用方法是煎服(49.10%),其次是采用煮汤泡水的方法(39.43%),采用冲服中药配方颗粒者占21.08%.不同性别和文化水平的中药消费者中,食用中成药的比例并未发现差异,但不同年龄、城/乡、职业、收入、目的和不同省份中药消费者食用中成药的比例却存在显著性差异(P<0.01)。过去半年中药消费者采用煎服和生食的方式食用中草药的持续时间(P50)为7d,采用冲服方式的持续时间仅为3d,食用蜜丸的持续时间为7d,而食用其它中成药时间为5d。对食用频次进行调查,发现每日生食中草药频次为1次,煎服为2次,冲服为3次,中成药均为每日食用2次。结论〓本研究获得我国成年居民中药食用方式、频次、剂量,以及不同人群中药食用方式的偏好。
Abstract:
Objective To research the situation of traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) adult consumer in 11 provinces of China and to understand the specific ways and dosage of consumers. Methods Using multi-stage stratified sampling and questionnaire survey to investigate the consumption status of TCM among 11 provinces and cities consumers in the past 6 months. Results The study collected a total of 4446 TCM consumers, 2120(47.68%) people only consumed Chinese herbal medicine, 1509(33.94%) people only consumed Chinese patent medicine, and 817(18.38%) people both consumed Chinese herbal medicine and Chinese patent drug. The most common method of taking Chinese herbal medicine was decoction, followed by the use of soup soaked in water, the use of TCM recipe granules accounted for 21.08%. Analysis of the proportion of populations who with the consumption history of proprietary Chinese medicine in different genders and cultural level people, these subgroups didn’t present different proportion. However, the proportion were significant difference between consumers in different ages, city/township, occupations, income, objective and different provinces(P<0.01). The survey found that in the past six months, consumers used decoction and raw food consumption of Chinese herbal medicine for a duration of 7 days, the use of recipe granules way for 3 days, the consumption of honey pill lasting 7 days, and consumption of other proprietary Chinese medicine was only 5 days. Analysis of the frequency of consumption and found that consumers daily consumption of Chinese herbal medicine was 1 times a day, decoction for 2 times a day, take medicine with water for 3 times day and Chinese patent medicine frequency are 2 times a day. Conclusion The study illustrated the patterns, frequency and dosage of TCM consumption in Chinese adult consumers, and descripted the demand preferences between different subpopulation.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
* 基金项目: 科技重大专项子课题分任务(2014ZX09304307-002);中药材重金属及有害元素风险评估及限量标准评价-
限量标准评价(ZG2016-1-05)
收稿日期: 2017 - 04- 15
作者简介: 王彝白纳(1986-),女,云南曲靖人,博士,助理研究员,研究方向:食品安全风险评估。
△通信作者:张磊,E-mail:zhanglei@cfsa.net.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-04-30